From acne and pimples to birth marks, melasma, and hyperpigmentation, there are many different types of blemish that can affect you throughout your life. Whether you’re not bothered at all by your blemishes, or would rather they disappear, it’s important to know what they are and their cause. Ahead, we’ll share more about the types of blemishes to be aware of, their causes and how you can treat them.

What is a Blemish?

Blemishes can appear anywhere on the body, like the back, but more often than not they’re found on the face. Pimples, blackheads, and whiteheads, for instance, are all blemishes caused by a build-up of oil, sebum, and dirt in the pores.

What Causes Spots on the Face?


If you suffer with regular blemishes, the most effective way of starting to control them is by understanding the cause. One of the most common causes is excess sebum in the skin. This means that there is more oil, sebum and bacteria in the pores which becomes trapped. A whitehead, blackhead or pustule then appears as a result. Hormonal imbalances during puberty or pregnancy can be the cause of excess sebum being produced by the body, in addition to poor skin hygiene and diet. This is why maintaining a good skincare routine that clears dirt and impurities from the pores is essential for clearing up existing spots and preventing future blemishes from appearing.

Discover CeraVe Solutions


While blemishes can be frustrating, there are many things you can do to try and reduce their appearance. The CeraVe skincare range has a gentle but effective range of cleansers, serums and moisturisers with and without SPF, that can help you create a simple everyday skincare routine. So, what products should you add to your routine for keeping blemishes at bay?

  1. Cleanser: A good cleanser is the ideal way to start your routine in the morning and evening as it will sweep sebum and impurities out of the pores while also removing pollutants, makeup, and sunscreen. CeraVe’s Blemish Control Cleanser is formulated specifically for the needs of congested skin with 2% salicylic acid to deeply cleanse the pores and remove excess oil. Niacinamide, hyaluronic acid and 3 essential ceramides are also included in the formula to ensure this deep cleansing action doesn’t disrupt the skin barrier.
  2. Serum: If you have post-acne marks that you feel self-conscious of, you can also add a night-time serum to your routine such as CeraVe Resurfacing Retinol Serum. This powerful formula draws on the power of encapsulated retinol, licorice root, hyaluronic acid and 3 essential ceramides, it gently exfoliates the skin while helping the complexion appear radiant and reducing the appearance of post-acne marks, helping to maintain the skin’s natural moisture levels and skin barrier.
  3. Moisturiser: Your daily skincare routine should include a moisturiser. CeraVe’s Blemish Control Gel is a lightweight moisturiser that helps to eliminate the causes of spots and blemishes with salicylic acid, lactic, and glycolic acids, it helps exfoliate the skin to help prevent new spots from appearing. It’s formulated with salicylic acid, AHA/BHA, niacinamide and 3 essential ceramides. If your skin is on the drier side, the CeraVe Daily Moisturiser with SPF 30 and PM Facial Moisturising Lotion will provide your skin with 24-hours of hydration and help to protect your skin barrier. Don’t forget that even oily blemish-prone skin needs adequate hydration to stay healthy.
  4. Sun protection: These types of products can increase photosensitivity, meaning you should always shield your skin with broad-spectrum sun protection. Wearing SPF can prevent exacerbating marks, reduce inflammation post sun exposure, and protect the skin from developing UV-induced pigmentation.

A consistent skincare routine is essential for preventing and managing blemishes and keeping bacteria at bay. If you’re worried about the severity and frequency of your blemishes and are finding them hard to manage, make yourself an appointment with your GP or a dermatologist. They’ll be able to offer you advice on further treatment and help you identify the cause. You can also read more about how to care for blemished skin here.

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